Coorg, also referred to by its Kannada name 'Kodagu' is an administrative district in the state of Karnataka and a darling hill resort of Southern India that is highly glorified by the laurels the 'Kashmir of the South' and the 'Scotland of India'. Bounded by Dakshina Kannada, Mysore, Wayanad, Kannur and Hassan districts, Coorg suspended on the eastern slopes of the ostentatious Western Ghats and nestled at the varying elevation ranging from 900 meters to 1750 meters above the sea level is a peachy chocolate box settlement hailed the world over for its unparalleled natural splendor and its mesmerizing scenic pulchritude. The epithet Kodagu (previously known as 'Kodaimalenadu') which literally means 'the dense forest atop the steep hill' is supposed to have several origins. As mentioned in the classic Indian scriptures such as the Puranas, this territory was initially occupied by the 'Kodava Tribes'. The term 'Kodava' traces its roots back in the word 'Krodhadesa' which means 'the Land of Anger'. Another prevailing concept opines that the Kodagu District derives its appellation from the river Cauvery wherein 'Kod' means 'to give' and 'Ava' means 'mother'. What is more, it is also concluded that the term Kodagu has been coined from the phrase 'Kannada Kudu' which refers to 'the dense forest'.
Coorg, the terra firma of foggy mountains, blooming valleys, winding rivulets, cascading waterfalls, dense tropical forests, teak woods and miles and miles of land carpeted with brimming plantations of coffee, spices, cashew, oranges and paddy, is unquestionably the 'Promised Land' incarnated on the earth. The undulating landscapes, rolling mountain ranges, timbered slopes, charismatic scenery, and the quaint villages retaining their old world charm intrigue the visitors of Coorg to no limit. Receiving the unrelenting deluge of the vacationers, travelers and nature lovers all round the year, Coorg; bequeathed with nature's striking beauty, magnificent artistry and pleasurable ambience offers luxurious and soothing holidays and comforting summer retreats to its guests. Except for unwinding in the fondling lap of Mother Nature and savoring the unbounded feast of delicate glamour, Coorg also tenders an assortment of electrifying activities such as White Water Rafting, Trekking and Bird Watching. Brahmagiri, Pushpagiri and Tadiandamol peaks of Coorg are predominantly extolled by the adventure enthusiasts for the challenging and at the same time alluring trekking trails they present. Above and beyond, Kodagu; the land of 'Valiant Warriors' has also attained distinction in the domain of military services. The Field Marshal 'K. M. Cariappa'; the first Indian Chief of Army Staff who lead the Indian forces during the Indo-Pak War of 1947 on the Western Front also belonged to Kodagu.
History Of Coorg
The most primitive populace of Coorg was the 'Kodavas' who inhabited this land for centuries and the Nayaka and Palegara rulers like Chengalvas and Kongalvas were amongst the earliest rulers of this terrain. Over the years numerous South Indian royal clans including the Kadambas, Gangas, Cholas, Chalukyas, Rastrakutas, Hoysalas, and Vijaynagar sovereigns held the reigns of Kodagu. The word 'Kodagaru' was engraved upon the stone shasanas for the first time during the ascendancy of King 'Pemma Veerappa' and gradually the province came to be known by the title 'Kodagu'. Some of the most worth mentioning monarchs of Coorg were Achunayaka of Anjikerinad, Karnayya Bavu of Bhagamandala, Uttanayaka of Armeri and Kaliyatanda Ponnappa of Nalknad. During the yesteryears, Coorg was allied to the Arakkal and Kolathiri empires of Kannur in political terms. A prince of the Ikkri who belonged to the Bednur Family conquered Kodagu whose descendants retained the throne till 1834 AD and governed under the designation; the 'Rajas of Kodagu'. During their dominance Kodagu revolted against the Mysore Kingdom multiple times and formed enmity with them. A political agent of British East India co. named Colonel Fraser overpowered the 'Raja of Kodagu' in 1834 AD and on May 7, 1834 Kodagu was officially annexed to the British Empire under the label of 'Coorg Province'. Subsequent to the Independence of India, Coorg was raised to the rank of a state in the year 1950; however in 1956 it was allocated to the State of Mysore where Coorg was made a district of Mysore. With the conversion of the Mysore State into the present day Karnataka State, Coorg now belongs to Karnataka and exists as the 'Kodagu' District.